AI week digest: AI and automation

To support techUK’s AI week (23 April), we are bringing together the Observatory’s resources on AI in a series of themed digest pieces. This post brings together all the recent reports focusing on the potential impact of AI and automation in the UK.

Transformative technologies and jobs of the future

Published, 28 March 2018

This OECD report highlights various ways the G7 can help to exploit the opportunities in the digital transformation of jobs.

This report underscores the role the G7 can play in developing a common international approach to using big data and artificial intelligence to foster innovation and prepare for jobs of the future.

Link to report

Automation, skills use and training

Published, 14 March 2018

This OECD report provides estimates on the risks of automation for jobs in 32 OECD countries.

This report uses data from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to generate estimates of the share of jobs at risk of automation and explores the future transformation that jobs will undergo due to automation.

Link to report

Leadership in the Age of AI: Adapting, Investing and Reskilling to Work Alongside AI

Published, February 2018

Infosys releases research findings from C-level executives globally about the future of artificial intelligence in the workplace. The respondents reported an overall optimistic view about the return on investment of artificial intelligence will bring their businesses.

The report mentions how AI will affect different kinds of jobs by either outpacing human employees at certain tasks. Senior leaders at companies also report apprehension about or the security concerns and lack of transparency will impact company operations.

Link to report

How Will Automation Impact Jobs?

Published, 5 February 2018

PwC has analysed an OECD database to explore the effects of automation on OECD countries, as well as Singapore and Russia.

The report provides a breakdown of the number of jobs at risk of automation in each country, by industry sector and type of worker, and includes a discussion of the implications for public policy and businesses.

Link to report

Readiness for the Future of Production Report 2018

Published, 12 January 2018

This report from the World Economic Forum investigates how prepared 100 countries and economies are to take advantage of emerging technologies that can be used to change production systems.

The report finds that transforming production systems on a global scale will be challenging and some countries may have the potential to leapfrog others. According to WEF, policy makers and business leaders can use this report to establish the challenges and opportunities for specific countries.

Link to report

Artificial Intelligence and Automation in the UK

Published, 21 December 2017

The House of Commons releases a briefing report on the impact of AI on the UK economy and workforce. While AI may lead to economic growth overall, it may have significant challenging consequences for workers who lose their jobs, for managers that seek to properly secure data, and for AI operators who may be responsible for its decisions.

The report references government strategies that mention the implications of AI on the UK workforce and highlights research done by other organisations on the socioeconomic impacts of AI development.

Link to report

Automation, digitisation and platforms: implications for work and employment

Published, 18 December 2017

Eurofound publishes a working paper describing the opportunities and challenges for work and employment in the digital age.

The working paper discusses three vectors of change for the workforce in the digital age: the use of automated technologies, the digitalisation process of using sensors to translate to and from physical production, and the coordination of economic transactions on digital networks and platforms.

Link to report

Information Technology and the U.S. Workforce

Published, December 2017

The US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine releases a report on the impacts of digital technology on the US workforce. These technologies can improve workers’ performance in existing jobs and create new jobs but may lead to job losses for other workers. The research finds that IT development is one contributing factor to income inequality in the United States.

The report recommends that more integrated and multidisciplinary research be conducted to understand how evolving technology influences the workforce and what policy or training interventions could be useful for mitigating undesirable consequences. Specific recommendations for research themes are also included.

Link to report

Why Britain Needs More Robots

Published, 8 November 2017

In this report, the Centre for Policy Studies claims that the UK does not have enough robots in its workforce and discusses how productivity and growth could be improved through greater automation and number of robots.

However, the report also warns that inequality must be addressed as individuals from more disadvantaged backgrounds typically face a higher risk of losing their jobs to automation and may have difficulty moving into other sectors.

Link to report

The Impact of AI in UK Constituencies: Where will automation hit hardest?

Published, 17 October 2017

Future Advocacy publishes report exploring how the impact of AI and automation may vary across the UK.

Analysis of automatability of different employment sectors and the sectoral make-up of all British constituencies reveals that the UK’s former industrial heartlands in the Midlands and the North of England may potentially be most severely affected.

The report concludes with a number of recommendations for the UK government.

Link to report